According to Stuart Crainer, the crafts of chairmaking, cotton-spinning and weaving were domestic activities at this time. Even with the advent of the Industrial Revolution, chairmaking remained an artisanal rather than industrial activity. Around this time, chairmakers would be known as and work as joiners, carpenters and house repairers. When, in 1519, Roger Shireburne Esq. was given permission to build “a quire of tymber and an altar” in the south part of St. Bartholomew’s Church, Chipping.