Chairmaking, cotton spinning and weaving were domestic activities in Chipping.
Kirk Mill sold to Hugh Stirrup, John Shakeshaft, Richard Salisbury and William Barrow to form first cotton spinning company
Kirk Mill owners bankrupt, first cotton spinning company put up for sale
Kirk Mill was auctioned in Preston on 25th June, 1789. Bought by Peter Atherton and his son in law Ellis Houlgrave cotton manufacturer,
Houlgrave agreement with Weld to build corn mill other end of Chipping to divert Leagram waters and improve supply to Kirk Mill. This was Chipping Mill
Kirk House built
The second cotton-spinning company came to an end and was put up for sale
The third cotton-spinning company is set up by J. Bury and Co.
Factory Act passed
Grove row built as workhouse – Aspin, p.133
Reports into 1819 Factory Act showed 2 mills at Chipping worked 78 hours a week with no breaks. Free accommodation. Evans employed 10 men, 7 boys 24 women, using ‘Crompton’s Mule’ – technology of the age. (Crainer, 1984)
Report on conditions at the mill reached Home Office. Mill now owned by Middleton, Rooth & Co. “There are 74 persons employed, of whom several are under 9 years of age. They work 78 hours in the week. The workpeople have their breakfasts brought to them in the factory, and the machinery is not allowed to stop whilst they eat it. They have 40 minutes allowed for dinner. The interior walls and ceilings are whitewashed once a year. There is not a copy or abstract of the Act of Parliament here. All the children go to Sunday school” – Aspin, p.138
c. 1839, the fifth cotton-spinning company came into being and Kirk Mill had its own gas-making plant.
Gas light explosion, reported in Preston Chronicle
Flash flood over Parlick. Kirk Mill is flooded
Experts say these mills were spinning ‘bottom of the market’ cotton. Suitable for weaving into towels. Info from local carrier’s records 1860s. Transporting quality cotton to this remote spot by then was a disadvantage. Best supplies went to bigger mills run on steam, near canals / railways. So they were at the end of the queue in the cotton famine up here. (Muriel, Chipping Hist. Soc.)
Joh Lowry dies and the sixth cotton-spinning mill taken over by his wife. The cotton famine is affecting business